HISTRORICAL MONUMENTS OF INDIA
1.TAJ MAHAL AGRA:
The Taj Mahal of Agra is one of the seven wonders of the world, for reasons more than just spectacular. It is the history of the Taj Mahal that has added a spirit to its greatness: a spirit that has returned with love, loss, sorrow and love. For if it had not been for love, the world would have been robbed of the kind of personality that unites people. One example of how much a man loves his wife is, even if, after just a memory, he remembers that this memory will be gone forever. This man was Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who loved Mumtaz Mahal, his charming wife. She was a Persian Muslim queen (her name was Arjumand Banu Begum before marriage) and she was the son of Mughal Emperor Jehangir and grandson of Akbar the Great. At the age of 14 he met Mumtaz and fell in love with him. Five years later in 1612 they were married
Mumtaz Mahal, was an inseparable as well as a friend of Shah Jahan, she died while giving birth to a baby in 1631. In honor of his beloved wife, Shah Jahan built a glorious monument to him as tribute to what we now know as the “Taj Mahal”. The Taj Mahal constructuion began in 1631. Throughout the Empire and also by Central Asia and Iran, masons, round stones, inlaws, caravans, painters, calligraphers, domes producers and other artisans were searched and roughly seized. 22 years to build what we see today. In an arrangement of love, he used the service of 22,000 workers and 1,000 elephants. The monument was built entirely of white marble brought from India and Central Asia. After spending about 32 million rupees, the Taj Mahal was finally completed in 1653.
It was soon after the execution of the Taj Mahal that Shah Jahan was fired by his son Aurangzeb and arrested at Agra Fort nearby. Shah Jahan is also buried with his wife in this cemetery. At the end of the 19th century, British Viseroy Lord Curzon ordered a re-enactment of the history, completed in 1908, to restore what was lost during the Indian rebellion of 1857: Taj killed by the army English and government officials who still carve the monument of it pretty much do not know the truth by cutting out the precious stones and lapis lazuli from its walls. The England-rule that we add to the beauty of Taj today was renovated at the same time. Although controversial, past and present threats in the Indo-Pak war and environmental pollution, this vegetable display was clearly visible and appealing to the people. loved all over the world in need.
2 MYSORE PALACE:
beautiful building in Mysore, Karnataka. It is also known as the Palace of Amba Vilas. This is the former palace of the royal family of Mysore Palace, an amazing breathtaking example of Indosarasian architectural style, is a Mysore and is still their official residence. Built in 1912 for 24 rulers of the Wodeyar dynasty, the Mysore Palace is considered one of the largest palaces in the country.
The construction of the Mysore palace was organized by Maharaja Krishnaraja Wadiyar IV, referred to by Mahatma Gandhi as “Rajarishi” (holy king). It was then extended by his son and the last Maharaja of Mysore, Maharaja Jayachamaraja Wadiyar. The facade of the palace is a harmonious combination of Hindu, Muslim, Rajputian and Gothic styles, which gives it royal quality. With the Chamundi hills to the east, the Mysore Palace spectacle is a stunning sight. Needless to say, it is the second most-visited monument visited by local and foreign tourists in the Taj Mahal. Mysore Palace, now located in the Old Fort, is famous for displaying light and sound and lively festivities in Dasera.
The Mysore Palace is built in the Indo-Sarasense form of architecture, which is an excellent blend of Hindu, Muslim, Rajput and Gothic architectural styles. The Indo-Sarasense architecture was an architectural revival movement by British architects in the 19th century, drawing elements from Indo-Islamic and Indian architecture mixed with Gothic and Neoclassical styles. It is a three-story stone palace with marble domes and has a five-story tower of 145 square meters. There is a large garden around the palace. Entrance to the palace takes place through ‘Gombe Thotti’ or Doll’s Pavillion with traditional dolls from different times and a wooden elephant decorated with gold. The motto of the kingdom, “never fear,” was written in Sanskrit at the entrance gate and the arch.
It has three gates to the east (open only during the Dasara celebrations for VVIPs), west (open only during the Dasar celebrations), and south (public). There are many secret tunnels from the palace cellar that lead to Srirangapatna and other confidential areas. The Mysore Palace overlooks the Chamundi hills, as it is said that the maharajas of Mysore were adherents of the goddess Chamundi. There are twelve temples in the complex that date from the 1950s to as far back as the fourteenth century.
The private hall or the Ambavilasa is a luxurious hall with rosewood doorway. The king had earlier held private meetings with ministers. The Darbar Hall or the ‘Diwan-I-Am’ is a 155-foot public hall used for public announcements and hearings. The royal throne within the Diwan-I-Am; only shown to the public during Dasara celebrations is an artistic masterpiece with enchanting artwork on the gold-covered throne. The wedding hall or the Kalyan Mandapa is another massive octagonal hall south of the palace with glass ceilings and glazed tile flooring. The ceiling is filled with intricate kaleidoscopes
MYSURE LIGHT AND SOUND SHOW:
In mysore a very beautyfull light and sound show takes place in two languages on different days with a small amount of charge as a tigit except sundays and holidays
THE TIMINGS FOR THE SHOW ARE:
Language Day and Time Amount
Kannada Monday to Wednesday (7:00 PM to 8:00 PM)
Saturday (8.15 PM to 9.15 PM) Adults: INR 70
Children: INR 30
English Thursday to Saturday (7:00 PM to 8:00 PM) Adults: INR 90
Children: INR 40
3. HARMANDIR SAHIB, AMRITSAR
The Golden Temple of Amritsar India (Sri Harimandir Sahib Amritsar) is not only a central religious site of the Sikhs, but also a symbol of brotherhood and equality of people. Everyone, regardless of caste, religion or race, can seek spiritual comfort and religious fulfillment.we can also tell that it shows the distinct identity of sikhs.
View of the Golden Temple done by Dukh Bhanjani
View of the Golden Temple by Dukh Bhanjani Beri
Mentioning the philosophy, ideology, inner and outer beauty as well as the historical heritage of Sri Harmandir Sahib is an important task. It is a matter of experience, not description.
As recommended by Sri Guru Amar Dass Ji (3rd Sikh Guru), Sri Guru Ram Dass Ji (4th Sikh Guru) began in 1577 AD with the excavations of Sri Harmandir Sahib’s Amr Sarovar (Holy Tank), which was later lined with brick Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji (5 Sikh Guru) on December 15, 1588 and He also began construction of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Sri Guru Granth Sahib (writing of the Sikhs) was only installed in Sri Harmandir Sahib on August 16, 1604. A. Baba Budha Ji, a dedicated Sikh, is the first high priest.
Amritsar Golden Temple India (Sri Harmandir Sahib Amritsar) has a unique Sikh architecture. Gurudwara, built on a lower level than the surrounding ground level, teaches the lesson of egalitarianism and humility. The four entrances to this sacred sanctuary from all four directions show that people belonging to every lifestyle are equally welcome.
Sri Harmandir Sahib, also known as Sri Darbar Sahib or Golden Temple (because of its beautiful appearance and gold face to the English world), is named after Hari (God), the temple of God. The Sikhs all over the world want to meet Sri Amritsar on a daily basis and follow Sri Harmandir Sahib in their Ardas.
Guru Arjan Sahib, the fifth Nanak, had contemplated the idea of establishing a foundation of worship for the Sikhs and he himself had created the architecture of Sri Harmandir Sahib. The plan to dig a white tank (Amritsar or Amrit Sarovar) was originally developed by Guru Amardas Sahib, a third Nanak, but it was carried out by Guru Ramdas Sahib under the care of Baba Budha ji. Land for the site was purchased by the former Guru Sahibs for payment or donation from the Zamindars (landlords) of the indigenous communities. A trial plan was also implemented. As a result, the construction of Sarovar (tank) and the city began simultaneously in 1570. The work of the two projects was completed in 1577 A.D.
4. RED FORT (DELHI):
The Red Fort is a historic fortress in the national capital of New Delhi.
It is located in the center of the city and was the headquarters of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty.
It was built by Shah Jahan in 1939 due to a capital relocation from Agra to Delhi.
This impressive piece of architecture gets its name from its impenetrable red sandstone walls.
In addition to accommodating the emperors and their families, it was the ceremonial and political center of the Mughal state and the environment for events that had a critical
Today, it is home to a number of museums that have a variety of precious artifacts on display.
Every year, the Indian Prime Minister unveils the national flag here on Independence Day.
The Red Fort, formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak or the Blessed Fort, lies along the banks of the river Yamuna, whose waters fed the wheat around the fort.
It was part of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad, popularly known as ‘Old Delhi’.
The entire fort complex represents the architectural creativity and the brilliance of the Mughal architecture.
With so much history and heritage attached to it, The Red Fort is one of the most popular monuments in India and a major tourist attraction in Delhi.And also it become a UNESCO World heritage site in the year 2007
The Archaeological Survey of India is currently responsible for the protection and protection of this magnificent monument.